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Nedan ett urval av studier som visar på tränings- och rehabiliteringseffekter med vibration och balans.

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Blottner, D. et al. Human skeletal muscle structure and function preserved by vibration muscle exercise following 55 days of bed rest. Eur J Appl Physiol 2006 Jun;97(3):261–71

Bongiovanni, L.G., Hagbarth, K-E. Tonic vibration reflexes elicited during fatigue from maximal voluntary contractions in man. Journal of Physiology 1990; 423: 1–14

Bongiovanni, L.G., Hagbarth, K-E., Stjernberg, L. Prolonged muscle vibration reducing motor output in maximal voluntary contractions in man. Journal of Physiology 1990; 423: 15–26

Bovenzi, M., Lindsell, C.J., Griffin, M.J. Magnitude of acute exposures to vibration and finger circulation. Scandinavian Journal of Work Environmenta Health 1999; 25 (3): 278–284

Bosco C. et al Hormonal responses to whole-body vibration in men, Eur J Applied Physiol (2000) 81: 441–454

Bosco, C., Colli, R., Introini, E., Cardinale, M., Iacovelli, M., Tihanyi, J., von Duvillard, S.P.,Viru, A. Adaptive responses of human skeletal muscle to vibration exposure, Communicativa

Bosco, C., Cardinale, M., Tsarpela, O. Influence of vibration on mechanical power and electromyogram activity in human arm flexor muscles. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 1999; 79 (4): 306–311

Bosco, C., Cardinale, M., Tsarpela, Colli, R., Tihanyi, J., von Duvillard, S.P., Viru, A. The influence of whole body vibration on jumping performance. Biology of Sport 1998; 15 (3): 157–164

Bosco, C., Cardinale, M., Colli, R., Tihanyi, J., von Duvillard, S.P., Viru, A. The influence of whole body vibration on the mechanical behaviour of skeletal muscle, University of Rome –Tor Vergata, Fondazione “Don Gnocchi”, Rome, Italy

Brown, M.C., Engberg, I., Matthews P.B.C. The relative sensitivity to vibration of muscle receptors of the cat. Journal of Physiology 1967; 192: 773–800
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Cardinale, M., Wakeling, J. Whole body vibration exercise: are vibrations good for you? Br J Sports Med 2005;39:585–589

Carolyn, A. et al. Effectiveness of a home-based balance-training program in reducing sports related injuries among healthy adolescents: a cluster randomized controlled trial. CMS Media Inc 2005; 172 (6)

Cody, F.W., Richardson, H.C., McDermott, N., Ferguson, I.T. Stretch and vibration reflexes of wrist flexor muscles in spasticity. Brain 1987; 110: 433–450

De Gail, P., Lance, J.W., Neilson, P.D. Differential effects on tonic and phasic reflex mechanisms produced by vibration of muscles in man. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 1966; 29: 1–11

Delecluse, Christophe, Roelants, Machteld & Verschueren, Sabine Strength Increase after Whole-Body Vibration Compared with Resistance Training, Medicine & Science In Sports & Exercise, American College of Sports Medicine

Eisman, J.A. Good, good, good…good vibrations: the best option for better bones? Commentary in: The Lancet 2001; 358: 1924–1925

Eklund, G., Hagbarth, K-E. Normal variability of tonic vibration reflexes in man. Experimental Neurology 1966; 16: 80–92

Eklund, G. General features of vibration-induced effects on balance. Uppsala J Med Sciences 1972; 77: 112–124

Fisher, M.A., Bhagwan, T., Shahani, T., Young, R.R. Electrophysiologic analysis of the motor system after stroke: the “suppressive” effect of vibration. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1979; 60: 11–14

Griffin, L., Garland, S.J., Ivanova, T., Gossen, E. Muscle vibration sustains motor unit firing rate during submaximal isometric fatigue in humans. Journal of Physiology 2001; 535 (3): 929–936

Gusí, N., Raimundo, A., Leal, A. Low frequency vibratory exercise reduces the risk of bone fracture more than walking: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Musculosceletal Disorders 2006 7:92

Haas, et al. Proprioceptive and sensorimotor performance in Parkinson´s disease. Research in Sports Medicine, 14:273–287,2006

Hagbart, K-E. The effect of muscle vibration in normal man and in patients with motor disorders. New Developments in Electromyography and Clinical Neurophysiology 1973; 3: 428–443

Hagbarth, K-E., Eklund, G. The muscle vibrator – a useful tool in neurological therapeutic work. Scand J regab Med 1969; 1: 26–34

Hagbarth, K-E., Eklund, G. Tonic vibration reflexes (TVR) in spasticity. Brain Research 1966; 2: 201–203

Hansson, T., Holm, S. Clinical implications of vibration-induced changes in the lumbar spine. Orthopedic Clinics of North America 1991; 22 (2): 247–253

Herterich, J., Schnauber, H. The effects of vertical mechanical vibration on standing man. Journal of Low Frequency Noise and vibration 1992; 11 (2): 52–61

Hides, J.A., Jull, G.A., Richardson, C.A. Long-term effects of specific stabilizing exercises for first-episode low back pain. Spine. 2001 Jun 1;26(11):E243–8

Hides, J.A., Richardson, C.A., Jull, G.A. Multifidus muscle recovery is not automatic after resolution of acute, first-episode low back pain. Spine. 1996 Dec 1;21(23):2763–9

Hodges, P.W., Eriksson, A.E., Shirley, D., Gandevia, S.C. Intra-abdominal pressure increases stiffness of the lumbar spine. J Biomech. 2005 Sep;38(9):1873–80

Hodges, P.W. Is there a role for transversus abdominis in lumbo-pelvic stability?Man Ther. 1999 May;4(2):74–86. Review

Hodges, P.W., Richardson, C.A. Inefficient muscular stabilization of the lumbar spine associated with low back pain. A motor control evaluation of transversus abdominis.Spine. 1996 Nov 15;21(22):2640–50

Homma, S., Kobayashi, H., Watanabe S. Vibratory stimulation of muscles and stretch reflex. Jpn J Physiol 1970; 20 (3): 309–319

Issurin, V.B., Tenenbaum, G. Acute and residual effects of vibratory stimulation on explosive strength in elite and amateur athletes. Journal of Sports Sciences 1999; 17: 177–182

Issurin, V.B, Liebermann, D.G., Tenenbaum, G. Effect of vibratory stimulation training on maximal force and flexibility. Journal of Sports Sciences 1994; 12: 561–566

Kasai, T., Kawanishi, M., Yahagi, S. Effects of upper limb muscle vibration on human voluntary wrist flexion-extension movements. Perceptual and motor skills 1994; 78: 43–47

Kasai, T., Yahagi, S., Shimura, K. Effects of vibration-induced postural illusion on anticipatory postural adjustment of voluntary arm movement in standing humans. Gait and Posture 2002; 15: 94–100

Kerschan-Schindl, K., Gramp, S., Henk, C., Reschm, H., Preisinger, E., Fialka-Moser, V., Imhof, H. Whole-body vibration exercise leads to alterations in muscle blood volume. Clin Physiol 2001; 21 (3): 377–382

Knutsson, E., Lindblom, U., Odéen, I. Reflex facilitation by muscle vibration in the treatment of spastic hemiparesis. Scand J Rehab Med 1970; 2–3: 110–116

Kulkarni, V., Chandy, M,J,, Babum K,S. Quantitative study of muscle spindles in suboccipital muscles of human foetuses. Neurol India. 2001 Dec;49(4):355–9

Lance, J.W. The clinical significance of reflex changes produced by vibration. Trans Am neurol Assoc 1967; 92: 255–256

Lohman, E.B., et al, The effect of whole body vibration on lower extremity skin blood flow in normal subjects. Med Sci Monit 2007;13(2):CR71–76

Lundeberg, T.C.M. Vibratory stimulation for the alleviation of chronic pain. Acta Physologica Scandinavica, Supplementum 523, 1983

MacDonald, D.A., Moseley, G.L., Hodges, P.W. The lumbar multifidus: does the evidence support clinical beliefs? Man Ther. 2006 Nov;11(4):254–63. Epub 2006 May

Martin, B.J., Roll, J.P., Gauthier, G.M. Inhibitory effects of combined agonist and antagonist muscle vibration on H-reflex in man. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine 1986; 57: 681–687

Martin, B.J., Gauthier, G.M., Roll, J.P., Hugon, M., Harlay, F. Effects of whole-body vibrations on standing posture in man. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine 1980; 51 (8): 778–787

Martin, B.J., Roll, J.P., Hugon, M. Modulation of cutaneous flexor responses induced in man by vibration-elicited proprioceptive or exteroceptive inputs. Aviation, Space and Environmental medicine 1990; 61: 921–928

McClosky. Differences between the senses of movement and position shown by the effects of loading and vibration of muscles in man. Brain Research 1973; 63: 119–131

Mester, J., Spitzenfeil, P., Schwarzer, J., Seifriz, F. Biological reaction to vibration – implications for sport. Journal of Science Medical Sport 1999; 2 (3):211–226

Moseley, G.L., Hodges, P.W., Gandevia, S.C. Deep and superficial fibers of the lumbar multifidus muscle are differentially active during voluntary arm movements. Spine. 2002 Jan 15;27(2):E29–36

Nakamura, H., Ariizumi, M., Okazawa, T., Nagase, H., Yoshida, M., Okada, A. Involvement of endothelin in peripheral circulatory change induced by hand-arm vibration. Centr Eur J Publ Health, Suppl 1995; 3: 27–30

Necking, L.E. Vibration-induced muscle injury in the hand; Experimental and clinical studies. Doctoral dissertation, Lund University 2003, ISBN -91-628-5565-4

Necking, L.E., Lundström, R., Lundborg, G., Thornell, L-E., Fridén, J. Skeletal muscle changes after short term vibration. Scand J Plast Recontr Hand surg 1996; 30: 99–103

van Nes, I.J. et al. Short-term effects of whole-body vibration on postural control in unilateral chronic stroke patients: preliminary evidence. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2004 Nov;83(11):867–73

Olivieri, D.J., Lynn, K., Hong, C.Z. Increased skin temperature after vibratory stimulation. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 1989; 68 (2): 81–85

Park, H.S., Martin, B.J. Contribution to the tonic vibration reflex to muscle stress and muscle fatigue. Scandinavian Journal of Work Environmental Health 1993; 19: 35–42

Polonyova, A., Hlavacka, F. Human postural responses to different frequency vibrations of lower leg muscles. Physiological Research 2001; 50: 405–410

Randall, J.M., Matthews, R.T., Stiles M.A. Resonant frequencies of standing humans. Ergonomics 1997; 40 (9):879–886

Ribot-Ciscar, E., Rossi-Durand, C., Roll, J.P. Muscle spindle activity following muscle tendon vibration in man. Neuroscience Letters 1998; 258: 147–150

Rittweger, Jörn, Mutschelknauss, Marcus & Felsenberg, Dieter Acute changes in neuromuscular excitability after exhaustive whole body vibration exercise as compared to exhaustion by squatting exercise,
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Rittweger, J., Beller, G. & Felsenberg, D. Acute physiological effects of exhaustive whole-body vibration exercise in man, Clinical Physiology 20, 2, 134±142 · Ó 2000 Blackwell Science Ltd

Rittweger, J., Just, K., Kautsch, K. et al. Treatment of chronic lower back pain with lumbar extension and whole-body vibration exercise. Spine 2002; 27: 1829–1834

Rogers, D.K., Bendrups, A.P., Lewis, M.M. Disturbed proprioception following a period of muscle vibration in humans. Neuroscience Letters 1985; 57: 147–152

Roll, J.P., Vedel J.P., Ribot E. Alteration of proprioceptive messages induced by tendon vibration in man: a microneurographic study. Exp Brain Res 1989; 76: 213–222

Rohmert, W., Wos, H., Norlander, S., Helbig, R. Effects of vibration on arm and shoulder muscles in three body postures. Eur J Appl Physiol 1989; 59: 243–248

Rothmuller, C., Cafarelli, E. Effect of vibration on antagonist muscle co activation during progressive fatigue in humans. Journal of Physiology 1995; 485 (3): 857–864

Rubin C., Recker R., Cullen D., Ryaby J., McCabe J., McLeod K. Prevention of postmenopausal bone loss by a low-magnitude, highfrequency, mechanical stimuli: a clinical trial assessing compliance, efficacy, and safety, Department of Biomedical Engineering, State University of New York, Stony Brook

Runge, M., Rehfeld, G., Resnicek,E. Balance training and exercise in geriatric patients, J Muscoloskel Interact 2000; 1:54–58

Russo C.R., Lauretani F., Bandinelli S., Bartali B., Cavazzini C., Guralnik J.M. & Ferrucci L. High-frequency vibration training increases muscle power in postmenopausal women (Extract), Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology, INRCA Geriatric Department, Florence, Italy

Samuelson, B., Jorfeldt, L., Ahlborg, B. Influence of vibration on endurance of maximal isometric contraction. Clinical Physiology 1989; 9: 21–25

Sands, W.A. et al. Flexibility enhancement with vibration: acute and long-term. Med Sci Sports Ewerc.2006 Apr;38(4):720–5

Savelberg, et al. Whole-body vibration induced adaptation in knee extensors; consequences of initial strength, vibration frequency and joint angle. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2007, 21(2), 589–593

Seidel, H. Myoelectric reactions to ultra-low frequency and low-frequency whole body vibration. Eur J Appl Physiol 1988; 57: 558–562

Semler, O. et al. Preliminary results on the mobility after whole body vibration in immobilized children and adolescents. J Musculosceletal Neuronal Interact 2007;7(1):77–81

Seroussi, R.E., Wilder, D.G., Pope, M.H. Trunk muscle electromyography and whole body vibration. Journal of Biomechanics 1989; 22 (3): 219–229

Siggelkow, S., Kossev, A., Scubert, M., Kappels, H.H., Wolf, W., Dengler, R. Modulation of motor evoked potentials by muscle vibration: the role of vibration frequency. Muscle and Nerve 1999; 22: 1544–1548

Sorensen, K.L., Hollands, M.A., Patla, A.E. The effects of human ankle muscle vibration on posture and balance during adaptive locomotion. Exp Brain Res 2002; 143: 24–34

Tihanyi, T.K. et al. One session of whole body vibration increases voluntary muscle strength transiently in patients with stroke. Clinical Rehabilitation 2007;21;782–793

Torvinen, S., Sievänen, H., Järvinen, T.A.H., Pasanen, M., Kontulainen, S., Kannus, P. Effect of 4-min vertical whole body vibration on muscle performance and body balance: a randomized cross-over study. Int J Sports Med 2002; 23: 374–379

Torvinen, Saila, Kannus, Pekka, Sievänen, Harri, Järvinen, Tero A.H, Pasanen, Matti, Kontulainen, Saija, Järvinen, Teppo L.N. , Jävinen, Markku, Oja, Pekka & Vuori, Illkka Effect of a vibration exposure on muscular performance and body balance. Randomized cross-over study, Clin Physiol & Func Im (2002) 22, pp145±152

Turbanski, et al. Effects of random WBV on postural control in Parkinson´s disease. Res Sports Med 2005:13 243–56

Verschueren S.M., Roelants M., Delecluse C., Swinnen S., Vanderschueren D., Boonen S. J. Effect of 6-month whole body vibration training on hip density, muscle strength, and postural control in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled pilot study, Bone Miner Res. 2004 Mar;19(3):352–9. Epub 2003 Dec 22.

Weinstein, J., Pope, M., Schmidt, R., Seroussi, R. Neuropharmacologic effects of vibration on the dorsal root ganglion. Spine 1988; 13: 521–525

Wierzbicka, M.M., Gildhodes, J.C., Roll, J.P. Vibration-induced postural effects. Journal of Neurophysiology 1998; 79: 143–150

Wilder, D.G., Woodworth, B.B., Frymoyer, J.W., Pope, M.H. Vibration and the human spine. Spine 1982; 7 (3): 243–254

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